On May 22, 2023, the President of Russia signed Decree No. 364 (“Decree 364”) On Certain Amendments to Decree of the President of Russia No. 430 dated July 5, 2022 (“Decree 430”) requiring Russian businesses who have issued Eurobonds to issue replacement securities to enable holders whose bonds are held through Russian depositaries to receive payments.
Prior to these amendments, Decree 430 required Russian legal entities having obligations related to the Eurobonds (the “Russian Obligors”) to either (i) pay holders of their Eurobonds who hold through Russian depositaries (custodians) directly through such depositaries, bypassing foreign infrastructure, including international clearing systems, or (ii) issue Russian replacement bonds on the same commercial terms (interest, maturity, principal amount) as the Eurobonds (the “Replacement Bonds”). The Central Bank has clarified that legal entities “having obligations related to Eurobonds” comprise of any Russian legal entities of the same group as the issuer and any entities mentioned in the Eurobond transaction documentation, such as Russian guarantors under guaranteed Eurobonds or Russian borrowers under loan participation notes.
Holders of the Eurobonds through Russian depositaries, including Russian investors and foreign investors who are not investors from “unfriendly jurisdictions”, had an option to acquire the Replacement Bonds in exchange for their Eurobonds. The Replacement Bonds can be freely traded in Russia, unaffected by the restrictions imposed on the Russian clearing system, thus providing the holders of the Replacement Bonds with certainty of payment and liquidity.
Following the amendments, the issuance of the Replacement Bonds is no longer an option for Russian Obligors, but rather their obligation. Such Russian Obligors are now required to issue the Replacement Bonds before January 1, 2024 and offer them to the holders of the Eurobonds through Russian depositaries.
The holders of the relevant Eurobonds will still have the right to choose whether to acquire such Replacement Bonds in exchange for the relevant Eurobonds, and will still have an option to keep the Eurobonds and to continue to receive payments directly through Russian depositaries bypassing the foreign infrastructure in accordance with the procedure referred to in Decree 430. It is not clear at the moment if the Central Bank of Russia is going to introduce any changes to this procedure that has been in place for almost a year now.
For the holders of the Eurobonds held through non-Russian depositaries and for the holders from “unfriendly jurisdictions” holding through Russian depositaries the situation remains unchanged.
Holders in non-Russian depositaries neither have a right to receive the payment directly in Russia, nor are they required to be offered the Replacement Bonds, and holders from “unfriendly jurisdictions” holding through Russian deppositaries cannot claim the Replacement Bonds and any payments made to them directly in Russia bypassing foreign infrastructure shall be credited to a special restricted S-type account, where the funds are essentially frozen.
Russian Obligors and holders of the relevant Eurobonds may apply for a license of the Russian Governmental Commission for Control over Foreign Investments that provides a derogation from the abovementioned restrictions.
To read more about sanctions imposed by the U.S., UK and EU on Russian persons in connection with the Russia-Ukraine conflict and Russian countersanctions, please visit our blog here.
List of the affected Eurobonds
|No.||Issuer||Reg S / 144A ISIN||Initial Principal Amount||Coupon Rate||Maturity Date||Guarantor / Borrower|
| 1.||Alrosa Finance S.A.||XS1843441731 / US02109TAD46||$500 mln||4.65%||09.04.2024||Guarantor – PJSC Alrosa|
|2.||Alrosa Finance S.A.||XS2010030919 / US02109TAE29||$500 mln||3.1%||25.06.2027||Guarantor – PJSC Alrosa|
|3.||Polyus Finance Plc.||XS1713474325 / US73181LAA98||$500 mln||4.7%||29.01.2024||Guarantors – JSC Polyus Krasnoyarsk; PJSC Polyus|
|4.||Polyus Finance Plc.||XS2396900685 / US73181LAB71||$700 mln||3.25%||14.10.2028||Guarantors – JSC Polyus Krasnoyarsk; PJSC Polyus|
|5.||RZD Capital Plc||CH1100259816||CHF 450 mln||3.125||No fixed maturity date||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|6.||RZD Capital Plc||XS2318748956||RUB 20 bln||7.450||18.09.2028||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|7.||RZD Capital Plc||XS2271376498||RUB 25 bln||6.598||02.03.2028||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|8.||RZD Capital Plc||CH0522690715||CHF 250 mln||0.84||12.03.2026||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|9.||RZD Capital Plc||CH0419041634||CHF 150 mln||1.195||03.04.2028||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|10.||RZD Capital Plc||CH0419041618||CHF 350 mln||0.898||03.10.2025||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|11.||RZD Capital Plc||XS1843431690||RUB 15 bln||7.675||10.09.2026||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|12.||RZD Capital Plc||XS1843437036||RUB 500 mln||2.2||23.05.2027||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|13.||RZD Capital Plc||XS1843442465||RUB 20 bln||8.8||04.10.2025||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|14.||RZD Capital Plc||XS1701384494||RUB 15 bln||7.9||19.10.2024||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|15.||RZD Capital Plc||CH0379268748||CHF 450 mln||2.1||02.10.2023||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|16.||RZD Capital Plc||XS1574787294||RUB 15 bln||8.99||03.03.2024||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|17.||RZD Capital Plc||XS1574068844||USD 500 mln||4.375||01.03.2024||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|18.||RZD Capital Plc||XS1502188375||RUB 15 bln||9.2||07.10.2023||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|19.||RZD Capital Plc||XS1041815116||EUR 500 mln||4.6||06.03.2023||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|20.||RZD Capital Plc||XS0764220017||USD 1.4 bln||5.7||05.04.2022||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|21.||RZD Capital Plc||XS0609017917||GPB 650 mln||7.487||25.03.2031||Borrower – RZD OJSC|
|22.||GTLK Europe Capital DAC||XS1577961516||$500 mln||5.125%||31.05.2024||Borrower – JSC GTLK|
|23.||GTLK Europe Capital DAC||XS1713473608||$500 mln||5.95%||17.04.2025||Borrower – JSC GTLK|
|24.||GTLK Europe Capital DAC||XS2010044381||$550 mln||4.949%||18.02.2026||Borrower – JSC GTLK|
|25.||GTLK Europe Capital DAC||XS2131995958||$600 mln||4.65%||10.03.2027||Borrower – JSC GTLK|
|26.||GTLK Europe Capital DAC||XS2249778247||$500 mln||4.8%||26.02.2028||Borrower – JSC GTLK|
|27.||GTLK Europe Capital DAC||XS2010027451||$600 mln||4.349%||27.02.2029||Borrower – JSC GTLK|
|28.||Celtic Resources Holdings DAC||XS2060792236||$400 mln||4.125%||09.10.2024||Borrower –[Nordgold group]|
|29.||Steel Capital SA||XS2046736919 / US85805RAE80||$800 mln||3.15%||16.09.2024||Borrower – PJSC Severstal|
|30.||Phosagro Bond Funding DAC||XS2099039542 / US71922LAC37||$500 mln||3.05%||23.01.2025||Borrower – PJSC Phosagro|
|31.||Phosagro Bond Funding DAC||XS2384719402 / US71922LAD10||$500 mln||2.6%||16.09.2028||Borrower – PJSC Phosagro|
|32.||Metalloinvest Finance Limited||XS2400040973||$650 mln||3.375%||22.10.2028||Borrower – JSC HC Metalloinvest|