• The European Commission proposes a revised EU FDI Screening Regulation
  • EU takes time to ready Outbound Investment Control Toolkit
  • German FDI reviews dropped in 2023, but FDI review activity follows the trends of prior years
  • Italian FDI reviews in 2023 remained consistently high, despite the end of the extraordinary provisions enacted in connection with the Covid-19 outbreak
  • UK: NSIA decisions, Telegraph Media Group public interest review, and new legislation prohibiting foreign state ownership of newspapers
  • In the U.S., updates to the Critical and Emerging Technologies list signal refinement of focus for CFIUS.

Continue Reading Cleary Gottlieb FDI Newsletter: January – March 2024

The English court took a mixed approach to judicial intervention in a number of cross-jurisdictional cases last year, although some further (welcome) clarity has recently been provided by the Court of Appeal. Perhaps the most salient and recent example of this has been the Court’s perceived willingness to grant Anti-Suit Injunctions (“ASIs”) to restrain foreign proceedings brought in breach of a foreign-seated arbitration clause. These recent cases have largely arisen following Russia’s 2020 amendment to Article 248 of the Arbitrazh (Commercial) Procedure Code (“2020 Amendment”), which itself was a direct policy response to Western sanctions against Russian companies and individuals following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.Continue Reading Mixed-Interventionist Approach to Cross-Jurisdictional Issues arising from Sanctions

  • The UK Government consults on changes to the National Security and Investment Act.
  • The new Irish FDI regime was signed into law and is expected to come into force in Q2 2024.
  • An update on the state of Dutch FDI review confirms active enforcement and adds clarification on retro-active application.
  • Seemingly small but impactful changes of the French FDI regime ahead.
  • German courts overrule FDI decisions of the German FDI authority. Judicial protection is possible, but more likely succeed on the basis of procedural breaches.
  • The Italian Government vetoes an acquisition in the defense sector by French Safran.
  • The European Commission published its third annual report on EU FDI screening, providing an overview of FDI enforcement trends and statistics and also published the results of its consultation on the evaluation and revision of the EU FDI screening regulation.

Continue Reading Cleary Gottlieb FDI Newsletter: November – December 2023

More than halfway through 2023, there is no easing in sight on the FDI front.

  • The game-changing EU Foreign Subsidies Regulation took effect. The first legislation of its kind ever entered into by a trading bloc.
  • FDI regimes in two key EU jurisdiction, The Netherlands and Belgium, have come into force, introducing far reaching screening mechanisms.
  • At the same time, the ECJ renders a decision that has the potential to counteract overly extensive FDI review practices of EU Member States.
  • Current practice trends and policy developments in the EU and on national level foreshadow tighter scrutiny of foreign direct investments in Europe.

Continue Reading Cleary Gottlieb FDI Newsletter: May–July 2023

On 11 July 2023, the UK Government published its second Annual Report on the National Security and Investment Act 2021 (the “Act”).

The Annual Report begins with an introduction by Oliver Dowden MP, the Deputy Prime Minister, who is the formal decision-maker under the Act in his role as the Secretary of State in the Cabinet Office.  This introduction seeks to reassure investors that the Act is a “light-touch, proportionate regime that offers companies and investors the certainty they need to do business, while crucially protecting the UK’s national security in an increasingly volatile world.”Continue Reading UK National Security Regime: Annual Report 2023 and Observations on Recent Practice

The first few months of 2023 have seen significant developments in the FDI landscape that will have a major impact on cross-border transactions. Deal makers need to be aware that the scope of FDI control is increasing:

  • With the United States taking major steps towards implementing an outbound FDI screening mechanism (which are echoed in Europe) and the European Commission further developing the EU Foreign Subsidies Regulation, new game changing regulatory frameworks take clearer shape.
  • Following the EU Commission’s calling of recent years, by the end of the year almost all EU member States will have adopted a national FDI screening regime.
  • On 27 April 2023, the UK Government published updated guidance that reflects its developing practice. Since January 2022, five transactions have been prohibited and 10 deals have been cleared subject to remedies.

Continue Reading Cleary Gottlieb FDI Newsletter: January–April 2023

On April 19, 2023, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its highly-anticipated decision in U.S. v. Halkbank,[1] holding that the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (“FSIA”)[2] does not provide foreign sovereigns with immunity from criminal prosecution in U.S. courts. Continue Reading U.S. Supreme Court Holds FSIA Does Not Immunize Foreign Sovereigns From Criminal Prosecution

Cleary Gottlieb partner Chase Kaniecki and associate Samuel Chang co-authored “Sanctions Compliance and Contingency Planning: Lessons From the Conflict in Ukraine,” a special expert briefing article in Financier Worldwide’s August 2022 issue.

Since 2001, Financier Worldwide has reported on corporate finance and board-level business issues.

To read the full article, click here.

As the next part of our series of updates focusing on the key disputes and risk related issues arising from the conflict in Ukraine, we have highlighted specific instances where EU companies and executives may be exposed to risks of criminal liability. (Our first update focusing on the effect of the conflict on contractual obligations is here). Whether you are directly affected by these risks, or have a counter party which is constrained by them, it is essential to navigate them effectively.
Continue Reading Russia-Ukraine Disputes Taskforce: Risk of Criminal Liability