Businesses applying for aid in disadvantaged regions of the EU will face new rules after December 31, 2021.

The new EU Regional Aid Guidelines increase the thresholds for aid intensity, but reduce the geographic areas eligible for aid in many Member States, which could affect the availability of aid for different companies.

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Regulation 2017/2321,[1] which introduced a new methodology for calculation of normal value[2] in trade defence cases (“New Methodology”), entered into force on December 20, 2017 (see here). Two years on, a review of the Commission’s implementation practice provides useful insight into questions of evidentiary burden, practical application, and selection of representative third country.
Continue Reading Two Years On: Implementation of the New Methodology in Anti-Dumping Cases

On August 5, 2019, the European Commission (“Commission”) published its official Guidance on Internal Compliance Programmes (“Guidance”).[1] The Guidance aims to clarify and harmonize implementation of Regulation 428/2009 on Dual-Use Goods[2] (“Dual-Use Regulation”) by competent Member State authorities (“national export authorities”) and EU-based exporters of dual-use goods (“exporters”). While the Guidance is non-binding, national export authorities will take it into careful account when considering applications to export, transit or broker dual-use items.
Continue Reading EU Publishes Non-Binding Guidance on Internal Compliance Programmes for Dual-Use Trade Controls

This Trade Summary provides an overview of WTO dispute settlement decisions and panel activities, and EU decisions and measures on commercial policy, customs policy and external relations, for the first quarter of 2018.

If you have any questions regarding the above, do not hesitate to contact or

On January 16, 2016, following a favorable report from the International Atomic Energy Agency, the P5+1 powers (the United States, United Kingdom, China, France, Russia, and Germany) and Iran declared that “Implementation Day” had occurred under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (“JCPOA”), bringing into force agreed relief from sanctions against Iran.[1] The scope of relief was largely as expected, but the timing of the declaration was significantly earlier than unofficial estimates provided last year by U.S. officials.
Continue Reading Implementation of Sanctions Relief for Iran